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Elizabeth W. North
University of Maryland
Center for Envir. Science

Horn Point Laboratory
Cambridge, MD 21613 USA
(410) 221-8497


Peer reviewed, reports, conference manuscripts, other

If you would like .pdfs of the publications below, please go to NorthPubs (a password-protected site). To request the password, please e-mail enorth.

Peer reviewed

Spires, J. E., and E. W. North. In press. Marking the shells of juvenile and adult eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica, with calcein, a fluorochrome dye. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 

Spires, J. E., C. F. Dungan, and E. W. North. 2022. Marking the shells of pediveliger eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica, with a calcein fluorochrome dye. Journal of Shellfish Research 40(3): 479-487. 

Clavel-Henry, M., E. W. North, J. Solé, N. Bahamon, M. Carretón, J. Baptista Company. 2021. Estimating spawning locations of the deep-sea red and blue shrimp Aristeus antennatus (Crustacea: Decapoda) in the NW Mediterranean in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea with a backtracking larval transport model. Deep Sea Research Part I. 174:103558.  

Schlenger, A. J., E. W. North, Y. Li, M. Li, W. M. Kemp. 2021. Applying a three-dimensional habitat volume model to estimate sensitivity of Chesapeake Bay living resources to environmental change: a proof-of-concept exercise. Estuaries and Coasts.

Semmler, R. F., M. B. Ogburn, R. Aguilar, E. W. North, M. L. Reaka, and A. H. Hines. 2021. The influence of blue crab movement on mark-recapture estimates of recreational harvest and exploitation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 78: 371–385.

Millette, N. C., J .J. Pierson, and E. W. North. 2020. Can prediction of striped bass recruitment be improved with winter water temperatures and a copepod growth model? ICES Journal of Marine Science 77(1): 300-314.

 Socolofsky, S. A., J. Gros, E. W. North, M. C. Boufadel, T. F. Parkerton, and E. E. Adams. 2019. The treatment of biodegradation in models of sub-surface oil spills: a review and sensitivity study. Marine Pollution Bulletin 143 (2019): 204-219.

 Scharping, R. J., L. V. Plough, D. W. Meritt, and E. W. North. 2019. Low-salinity tolerance of early-stage oyster larvae from a mesohaline estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series 613: 97–106. 

 Smith, K. A., E. W. North, and Z. R. Schlag. 2018. Estimating habitat volume based on three-dimensional hydrodynamic and biogeochemical models. Computers & Geosciences 116 (2018): 74-80.

Thessen, A., and E. W. North. 2017. Estimating degradation rates of hydrocarbon compounds in subsurface waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Marine Pollution Bulletin 122: 77–84.

Goodwin, J. D., E. W. North, I. Mitchell, C. M. Thompson, and H. Fadden. 2016. Improving a semi-automated classification technique for bivalve larvae: automated image acquisition and measures of quality control. Limnology and Oceanography Methods 14(11): 683–697.

Testa, J., E. E. Adams, E. W. North, and R. He. 2016. Modeling the influence of deep water application of dispersants on the surface expression of oil: A sensitivity study. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 121: 5995–6008.  

Goodwin, J. D., E. W. North, and V. S. Kennedy. 2016. Identification of eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica larvae using polarized light microscopy in a mesohaline region of Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Shellfish Research 35(1): 157-168.

Biermann, J. B., E. W. North, and W. C. Boicourt. 2016. The distribution of blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress. Estuaries and Coasts 39(1): 201-217.

Thessen, A. E., S. McGinnis, and E. W. North. 2016. Lessons learned while building the Deepwater Horizon Database: Toward improved data sharing in coastal science. Computers & Geosciences 87: 84-90.

North, E. W., E. E. Adams, A. E. Thessen, Z. Schlag, R. He, S. Socolofsky, S. M. Masutani, and S. D. Peckham. 2015. The influence of droplet size and biodegradation on the transport of subsurface oil droplets during the Deepwater Horizon spill: a model sensitivity study. Environmental Research Letters 10: 024016 (doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/2/024016). (

Socolofsky, S. A., E. E. Adams, M. C. Boufadel, Z. M. Aman, Ø. Johansen, W. J. Konkel, D. Lindo, M. N. Madsen, E. W. North, C. B. Paris-Limouzy, D. Rasmussen, M. Reed, P. Ronningen, L H. Sim, T. Uhrenholdt, K. G. Anderson, C. Cooper, T. J. Nedwed. 2015. Intercomparison of oil spill prediction models for accidental blowout scenarios with and without subsea chemical dispersant injection. Marine Pollution Bulletin 96: 110–126.

Thompson, C. M., E. W. North, V. S. Kennedy, and S. N. White. 2015. Classifying bivalve larvae using shell pigments identified by Raman spectra. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 407(13): 3591-3604.

Goodwin, J. D., E. W. North, and C. M. Thompson. 2014. Evaluating and improving a semi-automated image analysis technique for identifying bivalve larvae. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods. 12: 548-562. DOI: 10.4319/lom.2014.12.548.

Thompson, C.M., E.W. North, S.N. White, and S.M. Gallager. 2014. An analysis of bivalve larval shell pigments using micro-Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 45(5):349-358.

Schlenger, A. J. , E. W. North, Z. Schlag, Y. Li, D. H. Secor, K. A. Smith, and E. J. Niklitschek. 2013. Modeling the influence of hypoxia on the potential habitat of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus): a comparison of two methods. Marine Ecology Progress Series 483: 257-272.

North, E. W., E. E. Adams, S. Schlag, C. R. Sherwood, R. He, S. Socolofsky. 2011. Simulating oil droplet dispersal from the Deepwater Horizon spill with a Lagrangian approach. Geophysical Monograph: Monitoring and Modeling the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: A Record Breaking Enterprise. 195: 217-226.

North, E. W., D. M. King, J. Xu, R. R. Hood, R. I. E. Newell, K. T. Paynter, M. L. Kellogg, M. K. Liddel, and D. F. Boesch. 2010. Linking optimization and ecological models in a decision support tool for oyster restoration and management. Ecological Applications 20(3): 851–866.

Smith, K. A., E. W. North, F. Shi, S-N. Chen, R. Hood, W. Koch, R. I. E. Newell. 2009. Modeling the effects of oyster reefs and breakwaters on seagrass growth. Estuaries and Coasts 32:748–757.

North, E. W., Z. Schlag, R. R. Hood, M. Li, L. Zhong, T. Gross, and V. S. Kennedy. 2008. Vertical swimming behavior influences the dispersal of simulated oyster larvae in a coupled particle-tracking and hydrodynamic model of Chesapeake Bay. Marine Ecology Progress Series 359: 99-115.

Chen, S.-N., L.P. Sanford, E.W. Koch, F. Shi, and E.W.North. 2007. A nearshore model to investigate the effects of seagrass bed geometry on wave attenuation and suspended sediment transport. Estuaries and Coasts, 30(2): 296-310.

Glibert, P. M., J. Alexander, D. W. Meritt, E. W. North, and D. K. Stoecker. 2007. Harmful algae pose additional challenges for oyster restoration: impacts of the harmful algae Karlodinium veneficum and Prorocentrum minimum on early life stages of the oysters Crassostrea virginica and Crassostrea ariakensis. Journal of Shellfish Research 26(4): 919–925.

North, E. W., and E. D. Houde. 2006. Retention mechanisms of white perch (Morone americana) and striped bass (M. saxatilis) early-life stages in an estuarine turbidity maximum: an integrative mapping and Eulerian approach. Fisheries Oceanography 15(6): 429-450.

North, E. W., R. R. Hood, S.-Y. Chao, and L. P. Sanford. 2006. Using a random displacement model to simulate turbulent particle motion in a baroclinic frontal zone: a new implementation scheme and model performance tests. Journal of Marine Systems 60: 365-380.

Shoji, J., E. W. North, and E. D. Houde. 2005. The feeding ecology of white perch Morone americana (Pisces) larvae in the Chesapeake Bay estuarine turbidity maximum: the influence of physical conditions and prey concentrations. Journal of Fish Biology 66: 1328-1341.

North, E. W., R. R. Hood, S.-Y. Chao, and L. P. Sanford. 2005. The influence of episodic events on transport of striped bass eggs to an estuarine nursery area. Estuaries 28(1): 106-121. (.pdf)

North, E. W., and E. D. Houde. 2004. Distribution and transport of bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli) eggs and larvae in Chesapeake Bay. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 60: 409-429.

North, E. W., S.-Y. Chao, L. P. Sanford, and R. R. Hood. 2004. The influence of wind and river pulses on an estuarine turbidity maximum: numerical studies and field observations. Estuaries 27(1): 132-146.

North, E. W., and E. D. Houde. 2003. Linking ETM physics, zooplankton prey, and fish early-life histories to white perch (Morone americana) and striped bass (M. saxatilis) recruitment success. Marine Ecology Progress Series 260:219-236.

North, E. W., and E. D. Houde. 2001. Retention of white perch and striped bass larvae: biological-physical interactions in Chesapeake Bay estuarine turbidity maximum. Estuaries 24(5): 756-769.

Introductions and commentary in peer reviewed journals
Gallego, A., E.W. North and E.D. Houde. 2012. Understanding and quantifying mortality in pelagic, early life stages of marine organisms — Old challenges and new perspectives. Journal of Marine Systems 93: 1-3.

North, E. W., and Mueter, F. J. 2009. Marine science with global vision: creating a place for early career scientists. An introduction to selected articles from the 2007 Early Career Scientists Conference. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66: 334–335. (Link to open access .pdf)

Gallego, A., E. W. North, and P. Petitgas. 2007. Introduction: status and future of modelling physical-biological interactions during the early life of fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 345: 121-126. (Link to open access .pdf)

Talley, D. M., E. W. North, A. R. Juhl, D. A. Timothy, D. Conde, J. F. C. deBrouwer, C. A. Brown, L. M. Campbell, T. Garstecki, C. J. Hall, F. J. R. Meysman, D. M. Nemerson, P. W. Souza Filho, and R. J. Wood. 2003. Research challenges at the land-sea interface. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 58: 699-702.

OysterFutures Stakeholder Workgroup. 2018. Recommendations for Oyster Management and Restoration in the Choptank and Little Choptank Rivers. Report to Maryland Department of Natural Resources. May 14, 2018. Annapolis, MD. (

North, E. W., Gallego, A., Petitgas, P. (Eds). 2009. Manual of recommended practices for modelling physical–biological interactions during fish early life. ICES Cooperative Research Report No. 295. 111 pp. (Link to open access .pdf)

North, E. W., N. P. Holliday, S. Hughes, and S. McKinnell. 2007. Report on Theme Session B “Integrating observations and models to improve predictions of ecosystem response to physical variability.” ICES Annual Science Conference, September 17-21, 2007.

North, E. W., Z. Schlag, R. R. Hood, L. Zhong, M. Li, and T. Gross. 2006. Modeling dispersal of Crassostrea ariakensis oyster larvae in Chesapeake Bay. Final Report to Maryland Department of Natural Resources, July 31, 2006. 55 p.

ICES. 2006. Report of the Workshop on Advancements in Modelling Physical-Biological Interactions in Fish Early-Life History: Recommended Practices and Future Directions (WKAMF), 3–5 April, Nantes, France. ICES 2006/OCC:05. 21 pp.

North, E., A. Gallego, and M. St. John. 2005. Report on Theme Session O “Connecting Physical-Biological Interactions to Recruitment Variability, Ecosystem Dynamics, and the Management of Exploited Stocks.” ICES Annual Science Conference, September 19-24, 2005.

Boesch, D. F., V. S. Kennedy, D. W. Meritt, R. I. E. Newell, E. W. North, and K. T. Paynter. 2005. “Bar Cleaning” in Oyster Restoration. A Consensus Statement from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science.

North, E. W., and E. D. Houde. 2000. Potential impact of Site 104 dredging and sediment placement operations on fish eggs and larvae in the upper Chesapeake Bay. Report to Maryland Environmental Services. Ref. No. [UMCES]CBL 00-0165.

Conference Manuscripts
Jahn, G. L., and E. W. North. 2009. Do striped bass (Morone saxatilis) spawn in response to high river flow events? International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES) Conference Manuscript (CM): ICES CM/E:27.

Smith, K.A., E. W. North, and D. H. Secor. 2009. Estimating habitat volume based on physical and biogeochemical models. ICES CM/K:09.

North, E. W., D. M. King, J. Xu, R. R. Hood, R. I. E. Newell, K. T. Paynter, M. L. Kellogg, M. K. Liddel, D. F. Boesch. 2007. An ecosystem approach for oyster restoration and management. ICES CM R:13.

North, E. W., J. H. Vølstad, M. Christman, R. R. Hood, L. Zhong, Z. Schlag, T. F. Gross, D. Lewis, J. Dew, M. Li, V. S. Kennedy. 2006. Linking larval transport and fisheries demographic models to study the influence of environmental variability and larval behavior on juvenile recruitment to oyster populations. ICES CM/O:11.

North, E. W., R. R. Hood, L. Zhong, M. Li, and T. F. Gross. 2004. The influence of mixing processes and behavior on larval transport and mortality estimates in a stratified wind- and tidally-forced system. ICES CM/J:10/P:24.

North, E. W., R. R. Hood, S.-Y. Chao, and L. P. Sanford. 2003. Combining Eulerian and Lagrangian numerical approaches to investigate the influence of hydrodynamic variability on the transport of sediment and fish eggs. ICES CM/P:33.

North, E. W., R. R. Hood, S.-Y. Chao, and L. P. Sanford. 2002. Retention of fish early-life stages and copepod prey in an estuarine nursery area: the influence of environmental variability. ICES CM/N:04.

North, E. W., and E. D. Houde. 2000. Time, space, food and physics: the temporal and spatial distribution of anadromous fish larvae in an estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM). ICES CM/N:23.

Schlag, Z. R., and E. W. North. 2012. Lagrangian TRANSport model (LTRANS v.2) User’s Guide. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Horn Point Laboratory. Cambridge, MD. 183 pp. (.pdf)

Schlag, Z. R., E. W. North, and K. A. Smith. 2008. Larval TRANSport Lagrangian model (LTRANS) User’s Guide. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Horn Point Laboratory. Cambridge, MD. 146 pp. (.pdf)

North, E. W. 2001. Transport and retention of fish early-life stages in Chesapeake Bay: mechanisms and implications for recruitment. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.